HIV testing raises numerous human rights issues. When a test for HIV was first developed, there were calls for compulsory testing and quarantine of those testing positive. Ever since, political, technological and medical developments in testing for HIV and treating HIV infection have continued to raise serious legal and ethical questions.
Human rights law requires that HIV testing include:
- informed consent;
- pre- and post-test counselling; and
- guaranteed confidentiality of test results.
These elements are crucial to the success of HIV testing as a public health measure to reduce HIV transmission and to provide care, treatment and support for people who test HIV-positive.
We work on numerous legal and human rights dimensions of HIV testing, including:
- access to anonymous HIV testing;
- HIV testing and immigration policy;
- rapid HIV testing;
- home testing for HIV and access to HIV testing outside health care settings;
- testing within Aboriginal communities in Canada;
- routine testing of women during pregnancy and testing of newborns;
- testing of specific populations such as prisoners, sex workers, military personnel; and
- forced testing in instances of occupational or non-occupational exposure to HIV.
Rights Within Reach: Strategic Plan 2022-2027
The HIV Legal Network promotes the human rights of people living with HIV or AIDS and other populations disproportionately affected by HIV and criminalization, in Canada and internationally. In 2021, we undertook a planning process that would shape the strategic goals and priorities for the organization’s next five years (2022-2027). To do this, we sought … Read more
Respect, Protect, Fulfill: Supporting the HIV Legal Network
Respect. Protect. Fulfill. You can help challenge wrongs, advance rights, and transform lives. Denied basic healthcare. Criminalized and vilified for love. Unfairly targeted by police. These abuses, and more, are too often the experience of people living with HIV and of communities affected by HIV. At the HIV Legal Network, our mission has always been … Read more
A Moment of Breakthrough: Annual Report 2020-2021
Seizing the moment to push for concrete and lasting change.
Our History, Our Future: Annual Report 2019-2020
Guided by the past and working toward the future as we challenge wrongs, advance rights, and transform lives.
The Political is Personal: Annual Report 2018-2019
Highlights of our work in Canada and around the world from April 1, 2018, to March 31, 2019.
PRESS RELEASE: The Missing Millions, the Government of Canada and HIV
As community organizations are closing, the federal government presides over the continued steady erosion of federal HIV funding, with $104 million in funds lost from the response.