Sex Workers, Unite! (Litigating for Sex Workers’ Freedom of Association in Russia)

The existing legal framework in Russia makes sex work and related activities punishable offenses, leaving sex workers stigmatized, vulnerable to violence, and disproportionally affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. In light of international human rights standards, in particular the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, we examine in this paper whether the overall punitive legal ban on sex work in Russia is discriminatory.

Originally published in Health and Human Rights 16/2 (2014)